standard Basic Photography Skills 101 For Aspiring Camera Fans


Are you an aspiring camera fan, or are you interested in becoming a photographer? You will find, in this article, information to enable you to build a foundation for basic photography skills. Photography can be technical despite the fact that it is highly customizable. Every photographer has a style that differentiates them from their counterparts, and they incorporate this in their photos.

Understanding the basic photography skills requires more than having the necessary equipment. It all depends on how you want your work to be seen. Continue reading for some useful tips to develop basic photography skills for a fantastic photo shoot the first time.


A portable camera with good color reception is all you need to begin learning  basic photography skills. Anyhow, settling for a point-and-shoot camera is not your only option of choice. There are many varieties of cameras available in the market to select from. You can purchase a digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera. It is now affordable compared to previous times.

I will recommend the DSLR camera for learning basic photography skills. This camera has manual control options. It also gives you the opportunity to explore other settings that can broaden your photographing range. Such features are not available in point-and-shoot cameras.

Nikon, Canon, and Olympus are the most popular camera brands on the planet; their products can be trusted. However, I will recommend the Canon camera for you to learn basic photography skills because of its flexibility and multiple options. Canon cameras have different lenses for DSLRs and are compatible with lenses from other brands.

Manual Controls

You will observe that there are lots of settings on a camera. So, first, you go through the manual for the camera. There, you will see that there are several programmed settings you can select from at ease. Such as, there are portrait, landscape, macro, and sport. These programmed settings are a combination of two items that are referred to as being Manual Controls.

Therefore, let me bring to light the basic photography skills. These two particular photography skills are shutterspeed and aperture. Both shutterspeed and aperture are numbers of a certain range.

The programmed settings mentioned above are formed from the combination of these two, preset. The setting for landscape has a low aperture and high shutterspeed. Furthermore, the portrait setting has a high aperture and low shutterspeed.

Controlling Aperture and Shutterspeed

I will advise you make use of manual controls; it is more flexible. Thus, you will have total control over aperture or shutterspeed when using manual controls. Also, you are able to select any value you desire for any shoot at any given time.

At any rate, the aperture happens to be the diameter of the shutter. Let me break it down this way; the lower the number, the higher the opening will be. Thus, your photos will receive more light. The same applies to shutterspeed. Your shutter will be open longer to absorb light with a smaller number.

Aperture deals with diameter and shutter has to do with time. For instance, an aperture that is 2.8 and a shutterspeed that is 10 will give you a picture that is very bright. Although, a dark image will be produced by an aperture that is 9 and a shutterspeed of 1000.

You alone can decide how you combine these two to have a perfect combo for your pictures. With these basic photography skills, you are able to take photos when there are unfavorable situations where programmed settings cannot handle it.

Framing and Composition

Almost everyone can differentiate between a nice shot or a bad shot by just looking at it. But the question is; how will you know if your choices will create a picture of great quality or not? This is the challenge photographers often face, and you are no exception. You may not be pleased with what others find interesting, and vice-versa.

Since we are focused on your creative skills and helping you develop your basic photography skills, I am able to only recommend two things for you:

  1. Watch out for your frame; ensure everything falls within it and try your best to manage dead space, leave as little as you can.
  2. Pay attention to the light source available; mind the direction of the light and avoid harsh lighting.

With basic photography skills, you will have a good understanding of how the direction or source of light will affect your pictures. Your subject will be too bright if the light source is pouring profusely from behind you. Also, your subject will be black if the light’s direction is towards you.

You need to check your frame to confirm that it has the right elements. Will the photo be an interesting shot to be captured? Will it be a form of distraction from your real subject? Should you go for a tight shot instead? When you examine your frame, these are a few questions you need to ask yourself.


When buying a camera with all necessary components, it will usually have the kit lens. In case it doesn’t have the kit lens, you can try getting one before trying to get the complicated ones. A kit lens will cover the aperture numbers within a normal range. However, to save time, I do not want to go beyond the basic photography skills.

A quick idea on these basic photography skills. You should have in mind the different types of lenses available. The ranges of the aperture and the nature of the material the lens is made of can be used to differentiate lenses. Some lenses are specific to smaller aperture numbers. Also, some lenses are made of glass and some plastics. Lenses made from glass will have color reception that is better than those made from plastic.

Post Processing

This final area for basic photography skills isn’t mandatory. Even so, the most amazing pictures we see around recently have been post-processed to some degree. Post processing involves enhancing photos through graphic design software. For example, there is Adobe Photoshop.

There is nothing wrong if you learn one or two enhancement techniques to help clean up your images and not to manipulate them. With this, you can sharpen your subject and enhance colors. This can be useful when you forward your pictures to online printing companies and observe the outcomes. I hope these tips for basic photography skills will place you in the lane of high-quality photographers. Surely, people will come to you for amazing photo shoots.